Picture books offer a tremendous amount of learning opportunities. Joanna Marek, the school librarian at Spring Avenue Elementary School in La Grange, Illinois, appreciates this fact. After attending a weeklong institute at the Library of Congress, Marek was inspired to create teacher guides that match award-winning books with primary sources. She freely shares her work on Primary Source Pairings to give teachers and librarians lessons they can use tomorrow.
What Is a Primary Source?
A primary source is the raw material of history created in the time of the study. Some examples include pictures, maps, video clips, recipe cards, cartoons and drawings.
Why Study Primary Sources?
Studying primary sources:
- Supports the AASL Standards
- Reaches many learning objectives
- Enriches learning
- Reinforces reading comprehension skills
- Provides opportunities for exploring deep questions
- Engages children in a unit of study
Lessons Using Award-Winning Books and Primary Sources
Visit Marek’s Primary Source Pairings website to access valuable lesson guides pairing ALA award winners with primary sources. The links below will take you to the award-winning categories featured on the website:
Steps to Critically Look at Primary Sources
1. Observe: What do you notice? Look at the image. State what you see.
2. Reflect: Activate prior knowledge and infer what you see.
3. Question: Ask questions about what you see. Build on observations and reflections.
Below is a list of online resources for help in examining primary sources:
Primary Source Analysis Tool from Library of Congress. Use this online tool for grades K-12 to document thinking when looking closely at primary sources. This three part process is versatile and easy to use.
Teacher Resources from Library of Congress. Bookmark this website to find classroom materials that cover state and national standards for grades K-12.
Learn How to Teach with Primary Sources. The Library of Congress offers webinars, workshops and summer teacher institutes to learn more about teaching with primary sources.
Common Core in Action: 10 Visual Literacy Strategies. This relevant blog post, by Professor Todd Blake Finley, offers accessible resources that you can use in your library today.
AASL Standards Framework for Learners. Refer to this easy-to-follow chart when designing lessons and collaborating with teachers. Visual literacy lessons cover AASL standards l.A.2, ll.B.2, l.B.1, and V.A.1.
See Joanna Marek’s AASL 2017 presentation on the AASL eCollab learning platform.
If you have ideas to share or questions for Joanna, contact her on Twitter: @joannammarek.
Author: Maureen Schlosser
Author: Lessons Inspired by Picture Books for Primary Grades published by ALA Editions